Sixth Maryland Infantry Regiment

Soldier's Notes

From Around The Campfire . . .


07/29/11 Corporal Samuel Monshower, Company I, was struck in the chest by a bullet, suffering only a minor flesh wound at the Battle of the Wilderness. Jeffrey A. Dove

04/30/08 Julius Schaar was only a lad, who had come from Germany, with his parents a few years before the war, but he wanted to serve so badly, they let him be the "drummer". Today, his family is very proud he served his new country. Julius, after the war was over, moved to Amherst, Va. where he married, raised his family, farmed and is buried on the land he bought shortly after the war. Here in the land of the Confederates, he received many a challenge to explain why he served for the Union Army, He was not for the North or South, but for a NEW Country to which he now belonged, the United States of America. Thank you for honoring these soldiers who loved their country to fight for 'freedoms' that we now all enjoy. Julius Schaar, born 1848, Prussia, Died in 1933, Amherst, Virginia. Tombstone reads Drummer Co 6th Md. Inf. He was proud of this and would, I am sure, be honored to be remembering him to this generation ofancestors. Thank you, Great, great grand-daughter, Julie Schaar Thomas

12/30/02 David, Not nearly enough has been written about the importance of the regimental flags to the men in battle but it is illustrated by the large proportion of MOH's awarded for their defense or capture of the enemy's. One whole company was designated as the color company. Then there was another approximately twenty men designated as the color guard. These men were hand picked for the honor and had to hold the rank of sergeant to carry the colors. They were unarmed or very lightly armed and in battle the flag was the guiding point for the regiment. Therefore it was also the main target of the enemy. Anybody in doubt of which direction to go looked toward the flag since orders usually could not be heard on the battlefield. If it went down, the men were standing targets until it was raised. The other members or the guard, Color Corporals and men were armed but would have to drop their arms if called upon to replace the sergeant since the size of the flag required both hands to control. This honor cost many of them dearly and that’s why the color guard was hand picked. Therefore color corporal. Vice or second in front of a rank designated seniority. The regular corporal had time in grade over the vice etc., and was next in line after sergeant as to who was in charge. I'm guessing this was hand written and might be military drilled. Some of those things are hard to read. Hope this helps, Jim

12/30/02 Hi David, Just going through the records I copied. He (John Osborn) enlisted for 3 years on August 13, 1862 from Baltimore, Maryland. It says bounty paid $215. Under the roll call cards nothing was written from time period 8/62 - 6/63 except he was present during that time. Missing in action at Winchester 6/15/63 - written in July/August roll call card. In Sept/Oct roll call it says in captivity for 38 days. In Nov/Dec 1863 roll he is present again all the way through 1864. Only note September 17, 1864 promoted to corporal from private - Vice Comp. Mettery drilled. In 1865 Jan/Feb a note is written "to be deducted from his pay on account of transportation while on furlough $3.07. April 1865 - died 4/4/1865 in General Hospital at City Point VA from wounds received 4/2/1865. Not much else - nothing about where they fought. I have a question maybe you can answer - on the widows pension claim - it has John Osborn late a color corporal Co F. 6th Regiment Maryland Vols. Do you know what a color corporal is? It was only referenced this way once in all the paperwork I had. Thanks. Linda Noggle

06/12/02 Dick Martin has introduced Benjamin F. Welty, great grandson of Sgt.Stephen G.(Good) Martin of Co. H, who was a Brother of Capt. Adam B. Martin. Stephen G. Martin was born in and volunteered from Leitersburg, Maryland. He was engaged in farming, milling and distilling in the Ringgold Md. area after the war. Married Anna Funk and fathered six children. In his later years he served as a rural postal carrier. Died Jan. 24, 1901 and is buried in Green Hill Cemetery, Waynesboro, Pa.

03/18/02 Pvt. Jacob Wright Bullen, Company K, was my great, great uncle from Kent Island, Queen Anne county, Maryland. His cousin was Rhoderick B. Bullen, also of Broad Creek, Kent Island, who served in Company "B", 1st Maryland Cavalry, CSA. Both enlisted, I believe, in 1862 and both were about the same age (19 years) in 1860. I don't know if their units ever confronted each other. Edward Martin

03/04/02 Information from Eli Crowther's Civil War pension file #302,389, pension certificate #184,507 provided by family member David W. Harvey.

Eli was born September 4, 1844 in the 5th district Baltimore County, Maryland. He enrolled on August 14, 1862 at Baltimore, Maryland in Co. I, 6th Regiment Maryland Infantry for 3 years service or the duration of the war. He was mustered in on August 25, 1862 as a private in this company. He was wounded on May 5, 1864 at the Battle of the Wilderness by a musket ball entering the right side of his back just above the hip and exiting the front of his right side slightly higher than where it entered. Later the same day he was again wounded by a musket ball under his left arm or shoulder this wound apparently being not so serious as the first. He was carried from the field to the regimental hospital.

On July 24, 1864 he entered Summit House General Hospital (16th and Filbert St.) in Philadelphia, Pa on account of his first wound. On August 19, 1864 he was moved to Satterlee General Hospital in West Philadelphia, Pa. He was returned to duty on October 18, 1864. He was honorably discharged as Corporal with his unit on June 20, 1865 near Washington, DC.

An undated affidavit in the file by Major John J. Bradshaw, late Captain of Co. I, 6th Regiment Maryland Vol. Infantry, of Kemptown, Frederick County, Maryland states that to his personal knowledge Corpl. Eli Crowther, late of Co. I, 6th Regiment Maryland Vol. Infantry, while gallantly in discharge of his duty in an engagement with the enemy at the Wilderness, VA. was wounded by a rifle ball entering (his) right side and another wounding (his) left side near (his) shoulder and (was) carried to the rear all on the 5th of May, 1864.

In his initial application for pension, dated August 4, 1879 he is described as 5'4.5" in height, complexion fair, hair dark, eyes grey. He says his wound near his right hip causes him aches and pains and "lassitude?" in the right leg if he is obliged to walk much. He says both his wounds interfere largely with his occupation of post fencing and farming. His mark, (he could not write) on this pension application was witnessed by Oliver Cox and by my ggggrandfather, John K. Harvey of Upperco, Maryland.

Eli was evidently awarded a "3/4 disability" pension. He successfully petitioned several times (1891 & 1915) to have the amount increased. In 1915 there was a question about the month of his birth. In some places it is stated as September 4, 1844 and other places as October 4, 1844. In a letter dated January 15, 1915 to the Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC. he states that as best he knows his birthdate was September 4, 1844 but that no one is still living that could verify this. He knew of no written record or church record of his birth. He says that when he enlisted in August 1862 he told the enlisting officer that his age was 18 years on September 4th following and the officer entered him as 18.

This letter ends by saying "If the foregoing is not sufficient I know of no positive information which I can supply. It would seem that the single inadvertant statement giving a later date by one month should not outweigh all other data sworn to and on file. "The rebel bullets I received were not so exacting." Although his wounds interferred with his being gainfully occupied, they didn't interfere with another of life's significant activities. On February 14, 1867 he was married to Ruth Cecilia Royston of Baltimore county, Maryland at the parsonage of Rev. Thomas Watts near Fowblesburg, Maryland. He fathered 13 children by her of which 9 were still living in 1915. Eli D. Crowther died on February 19, 1926. He is buried at Grace UM Church cemetary, Black Rock Rd., Upperco, Maryland in the 5th District of Baltimore County where he was born more than 81 years earlier.

02/24/02 According to the discharge papers for James T Lowry - "Private of Captain John R Rouzers Co B, 6th Reg't of MD Inf Volunteers, who was enrolled on the 11th day of August, 1862 to serve three years, or during the was is hearby discharged from the services of the United States this 20th day of June, 1865, at near Washington, DC by reason of GO No 26 cs A of May 17, 1865. Said James T. Lowry was born in Cecil Co. in the state of Maryland, is 23 years of age, 5 feet, 8 inches high, light complexion, blue eyes, light hair, and by occupation, when enrolled, a laborer." I know that his father's name was Caleb. James changed the spelling of his name to Lowery. That is how he is listed in later census records and on his tombstone. He appparently worked in an iron mill in Cecil Co as his occupation was listed as a "puddler" on census records. I think he was born in Chester Co, PA but have not been able to find a record of this. He lived in North East, MD right after the war. Thank you for including me in your list. Linda Cortis

01/19/02 Dear David, Just went to descendant's page and reread your Empty Chair and also the regimental history. Adam Shank was my mother's ancestor. A great great grandfather on my father's side was Sgt John Thornhill of the 23rd Virginia cavalry. The 23rd was part of Early's army and battled the 6th outside Washington and at Winchester and Cedar Creek in 1864. I lived in Winchester during my high school and college years and have walked the trenches of the Star Fort which are reasonably well preserved. The 6th was in action there in 1863 as part of the Gettysburg campaign. A house still stands in Winchester with a cannonball protruding from its exterior which was fired from the Star Fort, perhaps by the 6th(supporting artillary). Regards ... JFG

01/04/02 Dear David: I am very pleased to finally clear up a long-time family mystery. I have an old photograph (1871) of my great great grandmother Anna McGuire Shank and her children standing behind an empty chair. My aunt told me that the picture was made after the death of my great great grandfather Adam Shank. She knew that Adam had been badly wounded in the civil war, but didn't know his unit. Adam and Anna lived in the Washington County-Smithsburg area. Anna's brother Charles McGuire served in the Confederate Army (sergeant in company A, 2nd Md. part of the Stonewall Brigade and later, Ewell's Corps). I therefore assumed that Adam's service was also Confederate. Recently another aunt told me that she thought Adam had been a Union soldier. I was very pleased to learn he had served with the 6th Md and the proud 6th Corps. Ironically, Adam and Charles may have been in battle against each other on May 5th,1864, the day Adam was wounded as Ewell's troops and Sedgwick's troops were opposite during that day's fighting. I grew up in Winchester,Va and have had a lifelong interest in the Civil War. I live today in Stuart,Va, named for our famous native son, Gen. J.E.B. Stuart. I served for a time on the comission that preserves his homeplace. Among Adam Shank's descendants here in Virginia there have been several members of the bar. My uncle Frederick T Gray was a state senator and served for a short time as Attorney General of Virginia. His son Frederick Gray, Jr was Secretary of the Commonwealth. My cousin Jim Miller is presently Athletic Director at the Univ. of Richmond where many family members have attended school. I hope this doesn't sound like posturing, just offered it for Adam Shank' s story. Will try to obtain service and pension records soon and will forward what I learn to you. Thank you for your prompt response, I was pleased to be listed on your rolls. Frank Greenwalt

01/03/02 I am the great grandson of Sgt. John L. Jones, Company I, 6th Maryland Infantry. He replaced Vice-Sergeant Houston T. Murray after his death from wounds. From the widow's pension records of Sgt. Jones:
Sgt. Jones was wounded in action at Winchester on September 19, 1864. He received a gunshot wound to the left hip while carrying the colors of his country and regiment. Sent to Chestnut Hill General Hospital (Mower Hospital, U.S.A.), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Text of declaration: "first duty Sergeant, John L. Jones of Co. I, 6th Reg., Md. Vol. Infty. has whilst gallantly bearing his countrys colors in an engagement with the enemy, wounded, and sent to the rear, all this at Winchester, Va." John J. Bradshaw, Late Capt. Of Co. I, 6th Reg. Md. Vol. Infantry. Sgt. Jones returned to service at the siege of Petersburg on February 27, 1865. From what I can tell, after his discharge he had continual health problems from his wounds, he still had bullet fragments, and went through a steady and very serious decline from tuberculosis that he probably got in the service. He died January 23, 1880 at the age of 37. My great grandfather initially enlisted in Company C, 7th Wisconsin Infantry, went to Washington City and then volunteered for the U. S. Artillery. He served in Battery B, 4th U. S. Light Artillery (Capt. Gibbons' Artillery) til March of 1862 when he was discharged with a disability. He then enlisted with Company H, 6th Maryland and was transferred to Company I, 6th Maryland where he served through the end of the war. John W. Petri

10/25/01 - As the oldest living descendent of Captain Adam Benjamin Martin, I hereby request and authorize you to print this picture on the The Sixth Regiment of Maryland Infantry Descendants Association web site. Captain Martin was the Commander of Company H from the date it was organized until his death on May 6, 1864 from wounds suffered on May 5, 1864. His brother Stephen G. Martin was a Sgt. in the same company and survived the war. Captain Martin was also a veteran of the Mexican War. Sincerely, Richard L. Martin

9/28/01 - We just confirmed who James (James F. Barrett, also of Co. G)) was with regard to Samuel Fletcher Barrett. They were first cousins. James father was Robinson Barrett brother to Elijah Barrett, Samuel's father. James married Rebecca Crawford just before he left for the war. After searching for Samuel's family for many years we just made a great breakthrough this week and have been able to tie this family together back several more generations. Regards, Joe McMullen

9/26/01 - Wouldn't it be great to find descendants of all of the soldiers who served faithfully in the "Fighting Sixth" Maryland Volunteers . . . if you know of any people who are descendants, please encourage them to get in contact with the association. Cordially, David Jones

9/27/01 - I'd like to see that happen too, but it would really be an exception. Most of those guys were young and single going into the war. A high percentage didn't come back or came back crippled and never married. Some married at a very late period and one in the 6th married the day before he left only to be killed in the wilderness, never to see his bride again. Then too, there were only three hundred left at the end. But if we could find enough cousins, uncles etc., it would be possible. I'm tickled to death with what we got so far. Hope it keeps going at this rate. The response seems very favorable. Later, Jim Fisher

09/19/01 - I have a little information about John W. Hayden of Co.K . He was my great-granduncle. John Wesley Hayden was the eldest son of Charles E. Hayden of Delaware and Mary Rebecca Bossee of Kent Co. Maryland. John was born in 1844. He was 18 years old and resided in Queen Anne Co. Maryland when he mustered in on Aug. 21, 1862. His occupation was listed as farmer. He was present at all roll calls except for Feb 5,1865 when he was attended for an incised wound and March 1st to 9th, 1865 when he was diagnosed with a fractured wound. He returned to duty after both incidents. During the Civil War, his father, Charles E. Hayden, also in the Union army, served with Co. F, 1st Reg't Potomic Home Brigade, Maryland Cavalry, also known as "Cole's Brigade." After the Civil War, John married Elizabeth M. Stinson, on March 12, 1872, in Smyrna, Delaware. They had at least three children, Charles E., Herman, and John H. Hayden. John W. also lived in Wilmington, De. where he worked as a carpenter. He was in Wilmington when he died of pneumonia on March 26, 1912 and was buried in Riverview cemetery. All the Civil War information listed above was obtained from his pension record xc2685-639. Lorraine Johnson

09/18/01 - I am Pvt. George Kraemer's (Co. F, 6th Md. Inf.) 2nd Great Granddaughter. He was at Albert F. Rittenhouse's side when Albert was wounded at Cedar Creek. As George lifted Albert up and began to carry him to safety, George was also wounded. I got this information from George's Pension File when I reviewed it in DC. I have some rough notes. I am waiting for the VA to send me copies of the file. Janice Creamer

09/17/01 - I am the great great grandaughter of William H. Starner, Private in Company C commanded by Cpt J. Lewis Beaver in the 6th Reg of MD Vol Infantry commanded by Col John W. Horn of MD. On one account, he was first reported as missing but later listed as killed in the Battle of the Wilderness on 5 May 1864, died from wounds received in battle (pension). On another listing, as you have listed, he was taken prisoner and died of starvation. Can you tell me exactly where you obtained this data and if it listed the prison? He had lived in Frizzellsburg, Carroll Co, MD with his wife Anna Mary (Koontz) and three sons, Theodore Nathaniel, William Henry and Harvey Milton. He was born 1830 and enrolled on 16 August 1862 at Westminster, MD, at Camp Hoffman, MD. Dorinda Shepley


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